Ophthalmoscopy is also called as fundoscopy or funduscopy is a test which enables a doctor or medical professionals to view the inside of the eye and other parts with the help of the instrument called as ohthalmoscope of funduscope. It is performed as the part of the eye test and might be done as part of a regular physical examination. It is very important in determining the vitreous humor and the health of the retina. There are two types of ophthalmoscope are used in determining the inside eye structure such as direct ophthalmoscopy and indirect ophthalmoscopy.

Slit-lamp ophthalmoscopy

Every kind ophthalmoscopy test has a unique kind of funduscope. The direct funduscope is a device which includes a battery charged torch light with a lot of lenses which could be magnified about fifteen times. The kind of ophthalmoscope instrument is used for regular eye test. The indirect ophthalmoscope includes a light fixed to a headband as well as a small lens. It offers a clear and wider view of the interior of the patient’s eye. In addition it allows a better and clear view of the fundus of the eye although the lens is clouded by cataracts. The indirect ophthalmoscope could be either binocular or monocular. It mainly used for peripheral screening retina of the eye.


Ophthalmoscopy is done as part of the complete eye examination or regular physical test. It is used to evaluate and detect the symptoms of the eye diseases and retinal detachment like glaucoma. In patients with headaches, the finding of papilledema or swollen optic discs, on ophthalmoscopy is a main sign, since this indicates raised intracranial pressure (ICP) that could be because of the hydrocephalus, aka pseudotumor cerebri (benign intracranial hypertension) or brain tumor, are various among other problems. Cupped optic discs are generally seen in glaucoma.

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